THC could be a chemotherapeutic agent for treating stomach cancer

Cannabinoids, such as THC, which activate the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors are more effective against stomach cancer than the main chemotherapy treatment. Using marijuana protects us from so many cancers and other illnesses, aren't you mad that it's still illegal? Anticancer Res. 2013 Jun;33(6):2541-7.

Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist as an Alternative Drug in 5-Fluorouracil-resistant Gastric Cancer Cells.

Xian XS, Park H, Choi MG, Park JM.

Source

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 505, Banpo-Dong, Seocho-Gu, Seoul, 137-070, Korea. parkjerry@catholic.ac.kr.

Abstract

Fluorouracil is the main chemotherapeutic drug used for gastrointestinal cancers, which suffers the important problem of treatment resistance. There is little information whether cannabinoid agonists can be used as an alternative drug for fluorouracil-resistant gastric cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of a cannabinoid agonist, WIN-55,212-2, on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-resistant human gastric cancer cells, to examine whether the cannabinoid agonist may be an alternative therapy. Survival of the 5-FU-resistant gastric cancer cell line, SNU-620-5FU/1000, was not significantly reduced even by a high dose of 5-FU treatment. However, WIN-55,212-2 inhibited the proliferation of SNU-620-5FU/1000 and enhanced their apoptosis, as indicated by an increase of apoptotic cell proportion, activated caspase-3 and Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage. Furthermore, WIN-55,212-2 reduced phospho-extracellular-signal-regulated kinases (ERK) 1/2, phospho-Akt (protein kinase B), B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL2) and BCL2-associated X (BAX) protein expression in 5-FU-resistant gastric cancer cells. These results indicate that a cannabinoid agonist may, indeed, be an alternative chemotherapeutic agent for 5-FU-resistant gastric cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Gastric cancer, apoptosis, cannabinoids, drug resistance, fluorouracil

via Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist as an Alternativ... [Anticancer Res. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI.

Cannabinoids fight pancreatic cancer

Cannabinoids which work via the CB1 and CB2 receptor, as does THC from marijuana, interfere with pancreatic cancer's cellular metabolism, causing the cancer cells to die off. The following abstract is quite technical but what you need to consider is the final line which reports that cannabinoids killed off and stunted the growth of pancreatic cancer cells. Cell Death Dis. 2013 Jun 13;4:e664. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2013.151.Cannabinoids inhibit energetic metabolism and induce AMPK-dependent autophagy in pancreatic cancer cells.Dando I, Donadelli M, Costanzo C, Dalla Pozza E, D'Alessandro A, Zolla L, Palmieri M.SourceDepartment of Life and Reproduction Sciences, Biochemistry Section, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. Abstract: The anti-tumoral effects of cannabinoids have been described in different tumor systems, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma, but their mechanism of action remains unclear. We used cannabinoids specific for the CB1 ACPA and CB2 GW receptors and metabolomic analyses to unravel the potential pathways mediating cannabinoid-dependent inhibition of pancreatic cancer cell growth. Panc1 cells treated with cannabinoids show elevated AMPK activation induced by a ROS-dependent increase of AMP/ATP ratio. ROS promote nuclear translocation of GAPDH, which is further amplified by AMPK, thereby attenuating glycolysis. Furthermore, ROS determine the accumulation of NADH, suggestive of a blockage in the respiratory chain, which in turn inhibits the Krebs cycle. Concomitantly, inhibition of Akt/c-Myc pathway leads to decreased activity of both the pyruvate kinase isoform M2 PKM2, further downregulating glycolysis, and glutamine uptake. Altogether, these alterations of pancreatic cancer cell metabolism mediated by cannabinoids result in a strong induction of autophagy and in the inhibition of cell growth.

via Cannabinoids inhibit energetic metabolism and... [Cell Death Dis. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI.

Bladder Cancer Risk Lower in Pot Smokers - Renal and Urology News

Stephan ChoMay 06, 2013                                                        Bladder Cancer Risk Lower in Pot Smokers                                  SAN DIEGO—For the first time, a study has found that cannabis use may be associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer, researchers reported at the American Urological Association 2013 annual meeting.In a study of nearly 82,000 men, bladder cancer developed in 279 over an 11-year period. Subjects who smoked marijuana, but not tobacco, had a significant 45% decreased risk of bladder cancer compared with those who did not, after adjusting for age, body mass index, and race and ethnicity, according to lead investigator Anil A. Thomas, MD, a researcher with Southern California Permanent Medical Group in Los Angeles. Men who smoked tobacco, but not marijuana, had a significant 52% increased risk, a finding that is consistent with numerous previous studies. Men who smoked both had a 28% increased risk.Of the 82,000 men, 41% reported ever using marijuana and 57% reported tobacco use; 27% reported used both tobacco and marijuana.

via Bladder Cancer Risk Lower in Pot Smokers - Renal and Urology News.

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Bladder Cancer Risk Lower in Pot Smokers - Renal and Urology News

Stephan ChoMay 06, 2013                                                        Bladder Cancer Risk Lower in Pot Smokers                                  SAN DIEGO—For the first time, a study has found that cannabis use may be associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer, researchers reported at the American Urological Association 2013 annual meeting.In a study of nearly 82,000 men, bladder cancer developed in 279 over an 11-year period. Subjects who smoked marijuana, but not tobacco, had a significant 45% decreased risk of bladder cancer compared with those who did not, after adjusting for age, body mass index, and race and ethnicity, according to lead investigator Anil A. Thomas, MD, a researcher with Southern California Permanent Medical Group in Los Angeles. Men who smoked tobacco, but not marijuana, had a significant 52% increased risk, a finding that is consistent with numerous previous studies. Men who smoked both had a 28% increased risk.Of the 82,000 men, 41% reported ever using marijuana and 57% reported tobacco use; 27% reported used both tobacco and marijuana. via Bladder Cancer Risk Lower in Pot Smokers - Renal and Urology News.

Cannabinoids: a new hope for breast cancer ... [Cancer Treat Rev. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI

Marijuana fights beast cancer, why wait for "officials" to approve it? Use it now! Family history of breast cancer? Use it now! History of poor diet and alcohol consumption? Use it now! Cancer Treat Rev. 2012 Nov;10. 2012

Cannabinoids: a new hope for breast cancer therapy?               Caffarel MM, et al., Dept. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I, School of Biology, Complutense University-CIBERNED-IRYCIS, Madrid, Spain.                                                                                          Abstract: Breast cancer is a very common disease that affects approximately 1 in 10 women at some point in their lives. Importantly, breast cancer cannot be considered a single disease as it is characterized by distinct pathological and molecular subtypes that are treated with different therapies and have diverse clinical outcomes. Although some highly successful treatments have been developed, certain breast tumors are resistant to conventional therapies and a considerable number of them relapse. Therefore, new strategies are urgently needed, and the challenge for the future will most likely be the development of individualized therapies that specifically target each patient's tumor. Experimental evidence accumulated during the last decade supports that cannabinoids, the active components of Cannabis sativa and their derivatives, possess anticancer activity. Thus, these compounds exert anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, anti-migratory and anti-invasive actions in a wide spectrum of cancer cells in culture. Moreover, tumor growth, angiogenesis and metastasis are hampered by cannabinoids in xenograft-based and genetically-engineered mouse models of cancer. This review summarizes our current knowledge on the anti-tumor potential of cannabinoids in breast cancer, which suggests that cannabinoid-based medicines may be useful for the treatment of most breast tumor subtypes.Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

via Cannabinoids: a new hope for breast cancer ... [Cancer Treat Rev. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI.

US Investigators Praise Cannabinoids As Chemo Treatment

US Investigators Praise Cannabinoids As Chemo Treatment“ Cannabinoids inhibit cancer cell proliferation and should be clinically tested as chemotherapeutic agents, according to a review published in the January issue of the journal Cancer Research.Investigators at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health reported that the administration of cannabinoids halts the spread of a wide range of cancers, including brain cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, skin cancer, pancreatic cancer, and lymphoma. Researchers suggested that cannabinoids may offer significant advantages over standard chemotherapy treatments because the compounds are both non-toxic and can uniquely target malignant cells while ignoring healthy ones.“Cannabinoids … offer potential applications as anti-tumor drugs, based on the ability of some members of this class to limit inflammation, cell proliferation, and cell survival,” authors concluded. “[T]here is overwhelming evidence to suggest that cannabinoids can be explored as chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer.”"Read more: http://norml.org/news/2008/01/31/us-investigators-praise-cannabinoids-as-chemo-treatment

via US Investigators Praise Cannabinoids As Chemo Treatment | www.thctotalhealthcare.com.

Marijuana And Cancer: Scientists Find Cannabis Compound Stops Metastasis In Aggressive Cancers

Marijuana may be your best bet for beating cancer! A pair of scientists at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco has found that a compound derived from marijuana could stop metastasis in many kinds of aggressive cancer, potentially altering the fatality of the disease forever."It took us about 20 years of research to figure this out, but we are very excited," said Pierre Desprez, one of the scientists behind the discovery, to The Huffington Post. "We want to get started with trials as soon as possible."The San Francisco Chronicle first reported on the finding, which has already undergone both laboratory and animal testing, and is awaiting permission for clinical trials in humans.Desprez, a molecular biologist, spent decades studying ID-1, the gene that causes cancer to spread. Meanwhile, fellow researcher Sean McAllister was studying the effects of Cannabidiol, or CBD, a non-toxic, non-psychoactive chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. Finally, the pair collaborated, combining CBD and cells containing high levels of ID-1 in a petri dish."What we found was that his Cannabidiol could essentially 'turn off' the ID-1," Desprez told HuffPost. The cells stopped spreading and returned to normal."We likely would not have found this on our own," he added. "That's why collaboration is so essential to scientific discovery."Desprez and McAllister first published a paper about the finding in 2007. Since then, their team has found that CBD works both in the lab and in animals. And now, they've found even more good news."We started by researching breast cancer," said Desprez. "But now we've found that Cannabidiol works with many kinds of aggressive cancers--brain, prostate--any kind in which these high levels of ID-1 are present."

via Marijuana And Cancer: Scientists Find Cannabis Compound Stops Metastasis In Aggressive Cancers.